What will the General Election do to 3,077 Stotfold Homeowners?

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In Stotfold, of the 3,978 households, 1,171 homes are owned without a mortgage and 1,906 homes are owned with a mortgage. Many homeowners have made contact me with asking what the General Election will do the Stotfold property market?  The best way to tell the future is to look at the past.

I have looked over the last five general elections and analysed in detail what happened to the property market on the lead up to and after each general election. Some very interesting information has come to light.

Of the last five general elections (1997, 2001, 2005, 2010 and 2015), the two elections that weren’t certain were the last two (2010 with the collation and 2015 with unexpected Tory majority). Therefore, I wanted to compare what happened in 1997, 2001 and 2005 when Tony Blair was guaranteed to be elected/re-elected versus the last knife edge uncertain votes of 2010 and 2015 … in terms of the number of houses sold and the prices achieved.

Look at the first graph below comparing the number of properties sold and the dates of the general elections:

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It is clear, looking at the number of monthly transactions (the blue line), there is a certain rhythm or seasonality to the housing market. That rhythm/seasonality has never changed since 1995 (seasonality meaning the periodic fluctuations that occur regularly based on a season – i.e. you can see how the number of properties sold dips around Christmas, rises in Spring and Summer and drops again at the end of the year).

To remove that seasonality, I have introduced the red line. The red line is a 12 month ‘moving average’ trend line which enables us to look at the ‘de-seasonalised’ housing transaction numbers, whilst the yellow arrows denote the times of the general elections. It is clear to see that after the 1997, 2001 and 2005 elections, there was significant uplift in number of households sold, whilst in 2010 and 2015, there was slight drop in house transactions (i.e. number of properties sold).

I then wanted to consider what happened to property prices. In the graph below, I have used that same 12-month average, housing transactions numbers (in red) and yellow arrows for the dates of the general elections but this time compared that to what happened to property values (pink line):

168 Graph Two

It is quite clear none of the general elections had any effect on the property values.  Also, the timescales between the calling of the election and the date itself also means that any property buyer’s indecisiveness and indecision before the election will have less of an impact on the market.

Finally, what does this mean for the landlords of the 388 private rented properties in Stotfold?  As I have discussed in previous articles (and just as relevant for homeowners as well) property value growth in Stotfold will be more subdued in the coming few years for reasons other than the general election. The growth of rents has taken a slight hit in the last few months as there has been a slight over supply of rental property in Stotfold, making it imperative that Stotfold landlords are realistic with their market rents. However, in the long term, as the younger generation still choose to rent rather than buy the prospects, even with the changes in taxation, mean investing in buy-to-let still looks a good bet.  If you want to find out more about the Stotfold property market or need some advice please feel free to pop into the office, phone us on 01462 894565 or e-mail us at: lettings@satchells.co.uk.

 

Stotfold’s ‘Generation Trapped’ and the £702.5m legacy

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I have previously written an article on the plight of the Stotfold 20 something’s often referred to by the press as ‘Generation Rent’.  Attitudes to renting have certainly changed over the last twenty years and as my analysis suggested, this change is likely to be permanent. In the article, whilst a minority of this Generation Rent feel trapped, the majority don’t – making renting a choice not a predicament. The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) predicted that the private rental sector is likely to grow substantially by 1.8m households across the UK in the next 8 years, with demand for rental property unlikely to slow and newly formed households continuing to choose the rental market as opposed to buying.

However, my real concern for Stotfold homeowners and Stotfold landlords alike, is our mature members of the population of Stotfold.  Currently OAP’s (65+ yrs in age) in Stotfold are sitting on £282.9m of residential property.  However, what about the ‘Baby Boomers’, the 50yr to 64yr old Stotfold people and what their properties are worth – and more importantly, how the current state of affairs could be holding back those younger generation renters.

In Stotfold, there are 672 households whose owners are aged between 50yrs and 64yrs and about to pay their mortgage off.  That property is worth, in today’s prices, £255.2m. There are an additional 433 mortgage free Stotfold households, owned by 50yr to 64yr olds, worth £164.4m in today’s prices, meaning…

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Stotfold Baby Boomers and Stotfold OAP’s are sitting

on £702.5m worth of Stotfold Property

These Stotfold Baby Boomers and OAP’s are sitting on 1,850 Stotfold properties and many of them feel trapped in their homes, and hence I have dubbed them ‘Generation Trapped’.

Recently, the English Housing Survey stated 49% of these properties owned by the Generation Trapped, as I have dubbed them, are ‘under-occupied’ (under-occupied classed as having at least two bedrooms more than needed). These houses could be better utilised by younger families, but research carried out by the Prudential suggest in Britain it’s estimated that only one in ten older people downsize while in the USA for example one in five do so.

The growing numbers of older homeowners who want to downsize their home are often put off by the difficulties of moving. The charity United for all Ages, suggested recently many are put off by the lack of housing options, 19% by the hassle and cost of moving, 14% by having to de-clutter their possessions and 14% by family reasons such as staying close to children and grandchildren.

Helping mature Stotfold (and the country) homeowners to downsize at the right time will also enable younger Stotfold people to find the homes they need – meaning every generation wins, both young and old. However, to ensure downsizing works, as a Country, we need more choices for these ‘last time buyers’.

Theresa May and Philip Hammond can do their part and consider stamp duty tax breaks for downsizers, our local Council in Stotfold and the Planning Dept. should play their part, as should landlords and property investors to ensure Stotfold’s ‘Generation Trapped’ can find suitable property locally, close to friends, family and facilities.

 

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12 properties a year need to be bought in Stotfold to satisfy tenant demand

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The good old days of the 1970’s and 1980’s eh … with such highlights lowlights as 24% inflation, 17% interest rates, three day working week, 13% unemployment, power cuts … those were the days (not)… but at least people could afford to buy their own home. So why are the 20 and 30 something’s not buying in the same numbers as they were 30 or 40 years ago?

Many people blame the credit crunch and global recession of 2008, which had an enormous impact on the Stotfold (and UK) housing market. Predominantly, the 20 something first-time buyers who, confronting a problematic mortgage market, the perceived need for big deposits, reduced job security and declining disposable income, discovered it challenging to assemble the monetary means to get on to the Stotfold property ladder.

Credit crunch

However, I would say there has been something else at play other than the issue of raising a deposit – having sufficient income and rising property prices in Stotfold. Whilst these are important factors and barriers to homeownership, I also believe there has been a generational change in attitudes towards home ownership in Stotfold (and in fact the rest of the Country).

Back in 2011, the Halifax did a survey of thousands of tenants and 19% of tenants said they had no plans to buy a home for themselves. A recent, almost identical survey of tenants, carried out by The Deposit Protection Service revealed, in late 2016, that figure had risen to 38.4%, with many no-longer equating home ownership to success and believing renting to be better suited to their lifestyle.

You see, I believe renting is a fundamental part of the housing sector, and a meaningful proportion of the younger adult members of the Stotfold population choose to be tenants as it better suits their plans and lifestyle. Local Government in Stotfold (including the planners – especially the planners), land owners and landlords need an adaptable Stotfold residential property sector that allows the diverse choices of these Stotfold 20 and 30 year olds to be met.

This means, if we applied the same percentages to the current 826 Stotfold tenants in their 237 private rental properties, 317 tenants have no plans to ever buy a property – good news for the landlords of those 91 properties. Interestingly, in the same report, just under two thirds (62%) of tenants said they didn’t expect to buy within the next year.

Does that mean the other third will be buying in Stotfold in the next 12 months?

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Some will, but most won’t … in fact, the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) predicts that, by 2025, that the number of people renting will increase, not drop. Yes, many tenants might hope to buy but the reality is different for the reasons set out above.

The RICS predicts the number of tenants looking to rent will increase by 1.8 million households by 2025, as rising house prices continue to make home ownership increasingly unaffordable for younger generations.  So, if we applied this rise to Stotfold, we will in fact need an additional 99 private rental properties over the next eight years (or 12 a year) … meaning the number of private rented properties in Stotfold is projected to rise to an eye watering 336 households.

Has the rental sector in our town changed forever?

People

The Stotfold housing market has gone through a sea change in the past decades with the Buy-to-Let (B-T-L) sector evolving as a key trend, for both Stotfold tenants and Stotfold landlords.

A few weeks ago, the Government released a White Paper on housing. I have had a chance now to digest the report and wish to offer my thoughts on the topic. It was interesting that the private rental sector played a major part in the future plans for housing. This is especially important for our growing Stotfold population.

In 1981, the population of Central Bedfordshire stood at 211,700 and today it stands at 274,000.

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Currently, the private rented (B-T-L) sector accounts for 8.3% of households in the town.  The Government want to assist people living in the houses and help the economy by encouraging the provision of quality homes, in a housing sector that has grown due to worldwide economic forces, pushing home ownership out of the reach of more and more people. Interestingly, when we look at the 1981 figures for homeownership, a different story is told.

64.03% Stotfold people owned their own home in 1981

26.28% Stotfold people rented from the Council or Housing Association in 1981

 and 9.44% Stotfold rented from a Private Landlord     

The significance of a suitable housing policy is vital to ensure suitable economic activity and create a vibrant place people want to live in. With the population of Central Bedfordshire set to grow to 349,266 by 2037 – it is imperative that Central Bedfordshire District Council and Central Government all work actively together to ensure the residential property market doesn’t hold the area back, by encouraging the building and provision of quality homes for its inhabitants.

One idea the Government has proclaimed is a variety of measures aimed at encouraging the Build-to-Rent (B-T-R) sector (instead of the B-T-L sector). These include allowing local authorities to proactively plan for B-T-R schemes, and making it simpler for B-T-R developers to offer inexpensive private rented homes.

To do this, the government will invent a distinct affordable housing class for B-T-R, called ‘Affordable Private Rent’, which will oblige new homes builders to provide at least 1 in 5 of a new home developments at a 20% discount on open-market rents and three year tenancies for tenants. In return, the new home builders will get better planning assurances.

Private landlords will not be expected to offer discounts, nor offer 3-year tenancies – but it is something Stotfold landlords need to be aware of as there will be greater competition for tenants.

Over the last ten years, home ownership has not been a primary goal for young adults as the world has changed. These youngsters expect ‘on demand’ services from click and collect, Amazon, Dating Apps and TV with the likes of Netflix. Many Stotfold youngsters see that renting more than meets their accommodation needs, as it combines the freedom from a lifetime of property maintenance and financial obligations, making it an attractive lifestyle option.

Private rented housing in Stotfold and Central Bedfordshire, be it B-T-L or B-T-R, has the prospective to play a very positive role.

27 Stotfold Households Occupied by OAP Renters

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Recent statistics published by the Office of National Statistics show that there are 267,704 private rented households in the Country that are occupied by people aged 65 and older, meaning 4.39% of OAP’s are living in private rented property.

It got me thinking two things. How many of these OAP’s have always rented and how many have sold up and become a tenant?  In retirement, selling up could make financial sense to the mature generation in Stotfold, potentially allowing them to liquidate the equity of their main home to enhance their retirement income.  I wanted to know why these older people rent and whether there was opportunity for the buy to let landlords of Stotfold?

The Prudential published a survey recently that said nearly six out of ten OAP renters had never owned a home.  Two out of ten OAP renters were required to sell up because of debt, just about one in ten OAP renters sold their property to use the money to fund their retirement and the remaining one out ten OAP renters, rented for other reasons.

Funding retirement is important as the life expectancy of someone from Stotfold at age 65 (years) is 18.8 years for males and 20.7 years for females (interesting when compared to the National Average of 18.7 years for males and 21.1 years for females).  The burdens of financing a long retirement are being felt by many mature people of Stotfold.  The state of play is not helped by rising living costs and ultra-low interest rates reducing returns for savers.

So, what of Stotfold?  Of the 892 households in Stotfold, whose head of the household is 65 or over, not surprisingly 745 of households were owned (83.52%) and 94 (10.53%) were in social housing.  However, the figure that fascinated me was the 27 (3.03%) households that were in privately rented properties.

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Anecdotal evidence, by talking to both my team and other Stotfold property professionals is that this figure is rising.  More and more Stotfold OAP’s are selling their large Stotfold homes and renting something more manageable, allowing them to release all of their equity from their old home.  This equity can be gifted to grandchildren (allowing them to get on the property ladder), invested in plans that produce a decent income and while living the life they want to live.

These Stotfold OAP renters know they have a fixed monthly expenditure and can budget accordingly with the peace of mind that their property maintenance and the upkeep of the buildings’ are included in the rent.  Many landlords will also include gardening in the rent! Renting is also more adaptable to the trials of being an OAP – the capability to move at short notice can be convenient for those moving into nursing homes, and it doesn’t leave family members panicking to sell the property to fund care-home fees.

Stotfold landlords should seriously consider low maintenance semi-detached bungalows on decent bus routes and close to doctor’s surgeries as a potential investment strategy to broaden their portfolio.  Get it right and you will have a wonderful tenant, who if the property offers everything a mature tenant wants and needs, will pay top dollar in rent!

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24% OF STOTFOLD HOMES ARE ONE PERSON HOUSEHOLDS

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I was having an interesting chat with a Stotfold buy to let landlord the other day when the subject of size of households came up.  Looking at the statistics going back to the early 1960’s, when the average number of people in a home was exactly 3, it has over the years steadily dropped by a fifth to today’s figure of 2.4 people per household.  This doesn’t sound a lot, but if the population remained the same level for the next 50 years and then we had the same 20% drop in household size, the UK would need to build an additional 5.28 million properties (or 105,769 per year)….When you consider the country is only building 139,800 properties a year… it doesn’t leave much for people living longer and immigration.  Looking closer to home…….

In the Central Bedfordshire Council area, the average number of occupants per household is 2.3 people.

When we look at the current picture nationally and split it down into tenure types (i.e. owned, council houses and private renting), a fascinating picture appears.  The vast majority of homeowners who do not have a mortgage are occupied by one or two people (81% in fact), although this can be explained as residents being older, with some members of the family having moved out, or a pensioner living alone.  People living on their own are more likely to live in a council house (43%) and the largest households (those with four or more people living in them are homeowners with a mortgage – but again, that can be explained as homeowners with families tend to need a mortgage to buy.

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When we look at the Central Bedfordshire Council figures for all tenures in Stotfold (Owned, Council and Private Rented) a slightly different picture appears…

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It gets even more interesting when we focus on just private rental properties in Stotfold, as it is the rental market in Stotfold that really fascinates me.  When I analysed those Central Bedfordshire Council private rental household composition figures, a slightly different picture appears.  Of the 849 private rental properties in the Stotfold area:

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As you can see, Stotfold is not too dissimilar from the national picture but there is a story to tell.  If you are considering future buy to let purchases in the coming twelve to eighteen months, I would seriously consider looking at two bedroom apartments/houses.  Even with the numbers stated, there are simply not enough two bedroom apartments/houses to meet the demand.

If the property is located in the right part of Stotfold and priced realistically, they will always let and when you come to sell, irrespective of market conditions at the time, they will always be the target of buyers.